Monday, November 6, 2017

Youtube video on Baptism in the Holy Spirit

Check out my Youtube video giving a brief teaching on the Baptism in the Holy Spirit.
Just click this link:
Baptism in the Holy Spirit

Billy Long

Sunday, October 29, 2017


Billy Long Ministries
Spiritual Power for Everyday Living defines and explains spiritual gifts and the supernatural manifestations of the Holy Spirit. It gives the reader a clear understanding of the prophetic ministry as practiced in the lives of the first Christians. It also gives a clear teaching on praying in tongues and its role in aiding the believer in a deeper experience of intercessory prayer and praise. A careful reading of this book will bring clarity and remove misconceptions relating to the role of spiritual gifts, prophesying, and tongues in the New Testament Church.
This book will challenge new and mature Christians alike as it gives a clear exposition of the work of the Holy Spirit. The book is filled with testimonials of real life experiences given in the context of a balanced and practical application of the work of the Spirit. 

One reader stated, “I have thoroughly enjoyed your book, and have recommended it to friends.  It is the best book I have read about the gifts of the Holy Spirit, and I love the way you teach about it.  This would be the perfect book for anyone who is the least bit hesitant or fearful about the baptism of the Holy Spirit. In fact, it would be a perfect book to use for a class wanting to learn about the gifts of the Spirit.”
Order your copy at this link:

Tax Deductible donations can also be made to the ministry at this link.

Billy Long

Friday, October 27, 2017


Have you ever had to deal with relational conflict? Here are some Biblical principles that will help you come through the fire without becoming spiritually derailed and disabled. The principles discussed are basic to our success in all areas of our spiritual walk.
I am re-posting this for my newer readers who may have missed it the first time.   -Billy Long


We encounter various trials in our Christian walk. Some we can't explain and some are indicative of the “roaring lion” seeking to devour the righteous. But there are also times when adversities are the result of our own foolishness, disobedience, or sin, times when our adversaries are instruments of God designed to get our attention, teach a lesson, interrupt our wrong path, or to discipline us.

God raised up adversaries against Solomon because of his idolatry (1 Kings 11). Balaam’s donkey balked and fell underneath him because his way was contrary to God (Numbers 22: 21-34). Moses, on the other hand, was a faithful man troubled by a stubborn crowd of disobedient people who were ready to stone him.
Moses’ first response was to cry out to God (Numbers 14: 1-5; 16: 1-4). By contrast, both Solomon and Balaam did not seriously approach the Lord before dealing with their adversaries. Balaam’s first response was to become angry and argue with his donkey. Solomon sought to kill his adversary and fight his enemies. Both should have dealt with God first rather than allowing their initial actions to be focused on the people or things they wrongly perceived as the root cause of their difficulties.

In blaming the “donkey” and the adversaries we act as if we have been placed into their hands. God does not leave us to the whims of circumstance. He does not abandon us to the erratic and unpredictable whims of others or to the destructive efforts of deliberate adversaries. That’s why we wrestle with God before wrestling with the enemy. Whether innocent or at fault, we should cry out to the Lord before arguing with “the donkey.”

The two primary characters on the stage of my life are God and me. All others are secondary, including the devil. Though Satan is shown as the villain in the first two chapters of the book of Job, he is not mentioned again in the remaining forty chapters. Job’s resolution did not come through wrestling the devil. Neither did it come when he argued with his friends. He found resolution during his intimate encounter with God in the final chapters of the book. It is interesting to note that God’s focus was to declare His own greatness and to correct and strengthen Job. He did not discuss Job's friends, except for the correction they received in the final chapter. He did not discuss spiritual warfare or how to deal with Satan (though these are necessary). He interacted with Job and let Job experience the intimacy of His presence and all the wondrous things that proceed from that glorious place. Job saw the Lord and he saw himself (Job 42: 5-6). These are the first steps to coming through the fire successfully.

Jacob wrestled with the Angel of the Lord before facing a potential struggle with Esau (Genesis 32: 24-32). In that place of intercession he experienced a life-changing brokenness (humility and surrender) before God which led to his restoration with Esau. He came face to face with Him Whose name is Wonderful! He also came face to face with himself and experienced a name (character) change.

The lesson is very clear. We meet with God before we deal with and react to others. We make sure our own accounts are clear before we busy ourselves correcting or accusing others. Even if we have been mistreated, there may still be a need, an error, or some disobedience in us that brought about the situation. I should fulfill my own obedience before I expect God to avenge the disobedience of others. I should do what God requires of me in the situation before I apply a high standard of right behavior to others who are troubling me (2 Corinthians 10: 6). If I am guilty, I repent and change. If I am innocent, I listen for what my Lord is requiring of me in the situation.

Years ago there was a cartoon that revolved around conflict between a good guy named Dudley Do-right and an evil man named Snidely Whip-lash. Naturally each person in conflict thinks he is right and the other is wrong. This causes disobedience in both “Dudley” and “Snidely.” The one who is wrong fails to repent. The one who is right refuses to hear what God is saying to him in terms of lessons, attitude, and procedure. Because he is right, he thinks God is requiring nothing of him but to point out the other person’s error. When a person’s first response is to focus on the sins of others while "flattering himself" (Psalm 36:2), he will be busy in self-justification, self-defense, and self-righteousness. He will be unable to hear what God is saying to him.

The principle to keep in mind is that fire tests not only the wicked but also the righteous, and sometimes especially the righteous. Usually people tend to think that the fire is directed only toward the wicked or the person who is wrong. They fail to realize that God is often more interested in how the righteous will behave in the situation. Therefore, we mistakenly think that God is busy focusing on the other person’s sin and requiring him to change while we, being right and innocent, are free to misbehave. The fire, however, tests both "Dudley Do-right" and "Snidely Whip-lash," and God requires an obedient response from each.

It is possible to be right in position and wrong in disposition. A person who is right in his evaluation of a problem must also keep a right spirit and maintain godly conduct. The guilty who refuses to see himself and fails to break and repent will be burned by the fire. Moreover, the person who is "right" but whose heart is governed by carnality and who behaves in an ungodly manner will also be burned by the fire. In other words, "right" people who get in the flesh in their attitudes and behavior will fail the test before God. There are many people who were on the right side of an argument but ended up as “burnt stones” disillusioned and spiritually desolate because they did not please the Lord in how they conducted themselves.

If your “donkey” is giving you trouble, don’t argue with it (it may actually be saving your life- Numbers 22: 33). Look for the angel of the Lord who may be standing by to correct you.  If you have been thrown into the furnace, reach out to “the Fourth Man” who is standing there to bring you out refined  and in possession of a great testimony. Wrestle with God before you wrestle with people. Let your first impulse be to seek the Lord and engage Him. It is in the Lord’s presence that we find grace and strength for life. It is there that we find wisdom, anointing, and direction for dealing with all the other secondary characters that we will inevitably face on the stage of our life.

“The king…asked, ‘Did we not cast three men bound into the midst of the fire...? Look…I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire; and they are not hurt, and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.’ … Then Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-Nego came from the midst of the fire. …these men on whose bodies the fire had no power; the hair of their head was not singed nor were their garments affected, and the smell of fire was not on them.” Daniel 3: 22-28

“But may the God of all grace, who called us to His eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after you have suffered a while, perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle you.” 1 Peter5: 10

“For you, O God, have tested us; You have refined us as silver is refined...We went through fire and water, but You brought us out into a wealthy place.” Psalm 66: 8-12

Wednesday, October 25, 2017


“You are to them as a lovely song of one who has a pleasant voice.”   ---Ezekiel 33:32

In our visit to Poland in 1988 Pastor Jim Sink and I traveled in a circle from Warsaw to Ludz, the Soviet border, to Krakow, to Katowice, and back to Warsaw. We were accompanied by Adam Kuczma who was head of the Methodist Church in Poland at the time. He is a great man of God and desired to share the power of the Holy Spirit with his people. We spoke in churches and shared many testimonies of miracles and the supernatural presence of Jesus as we traveled through the country. The people would listen with interest, and then tell us how much they enjoyed the messages. But they never asked, “What must I do?” They did not engage the message deeply enough to ask how they could experience the Presence of the Lord in the same way.  After the meetings they simply proceeded with the food and fellowship as if what they heard from us was commonplace…and then went on their way. I concluded that the church’s biggest problem was not communism but rather (like in America) the people themselves. What they needed most was spiritual aggressiveness, even more than encouragement in their struggle against communist oppression, food and commodity shortages, and economic hardship.

The same is true for us today. Christians and the church need…
… to free themselves from religious tradition, spiritual complacency, and routine.
…to deepen their spiritual hunger and to seek the Lord in prayer and intercession to break the covering of darkness from over the nation.
…to enlarge their vision of what God intends to do and will do.
…to take practical steps to get there. (commitment to discipleship, Baptism in the Holy Spirit, prayer, individual growth and church maturity.)
…a willingness to change, and the humility to recognize the necessity of it.
…to develop relationships and community rather than just meetings and programs. To  create a platform and atmosphere in which individuals can open up and share their hearts and needs as well as their gifts and strengths.

Leadership is the key. The body is starving for leaders who will show them the “next step” and lead them in it.  The church needs leaders…
…who recognize these issues.
…who are genuine leaders with substance, experience, and who really do equip the saints, feed the sheep, and strengthen the church rather than just preaching good sermons which people listen to and enjoy, but leave unchanged.
…who hear from God, discern the flock, and have prophetic revelation regarding “the next step” for each congregation, and who  can give  
practical instruction in how to proceed.
…who have the courage to lead, and who are willing to face the potential conflict and suffering.

Leaders need to recognize that true church growth is not just a bigger and “fatter” version of what they already have, but actual and real spiritual development. We need evangelism followed up with actual spiritual growth rather than a perpetual enlargement of the “nursery.” The New Testament says that spiritual leaders are to feed the sheep, equip the saints, and strengthen the church.
Leaders cannot accomplish this with preaching alone. So how do they do it? That’s the second question. The first question to ask is, “Do they want to?”
Too many pastors look to the latest trends in “church growth.” Too often this entails getting on the bandwagon of style and “non-offensive” messages rather than a platform that challenges Christians to their “next step” and which provides practical ways to take that next step. The “how to” requires leaders and churches to actually seek the Lord and allow the Holy Spirit to birth something. It requires sanctified flexibility and creative obedience. Hearing the voice of the Holy Spirit, recognizing when He is at work and allowing Him to move. I am not providing answers in this article. I am saying, “Seek the Lord, listen, be sensitive, and be willing to change.”

So the problem is that preachers are satisfied giving nice sermons and the people love to hear them…but neither seems to require action beyond simply “enjoying the activity.”
Leaders are to feed the sheep (John 21: 15-17), equip the saints unto maturity. (Ephesians 4: 12-15), and strengthen the church (Acts 14:22; 15:32; 18:23). This describes substantive impartation and growth, and not just listening to a message on Sunday.

“As for you, son of man, the children of your people are talking about you…and everyone saying…’Please come and hear what the word of the Lord is that comes from the Lord.’ So they come to you as people do, they sit before you as My people, and they hear your words, but they do not do them; for with their mouth they show much love, but their hearts pursue their own gain. Indeed you are to them as a lovely song of one who has a pleasant voice and can play well on an instrument; for they hear your words, but they do not do them.”    Ezekiel 33: 30-32

Saturday, September 30, 2017


The first time I gave a word of knowledge in public was to a lady at a health club in Chapel Hill, NC.  I had never met her before. She was a doctor and her husband was an anesthesiologist. I stumbled around very awkwardly with my words, but managed to get them out. I told her the Lord had given me a word to encourage her. I then said, "You are married to your second husband. Your children are from your first marriage. There is tension in the home because your husband and the children do not get along.” She answered, “That’s right. My husband is rather immature." 
I then told her the Lord wanted to encourage her and help her and her family.
My presentation was not polished, but I was relieved to know the Lord had used me in spite of my uncertainty.
Every Christian who is filled with the Holy Spirit should be moving in the Holy Spirit to minister to others. My book, Spiritual Power for Everyday Living, gives definitions and examples of spiritual gifts and helps the reader to better understand them. I encourage everyone to go to to order a copy.
The paragraphs below give some practical instruction in how to step out and see the Holy Spirit at work. You don’t have to be a spiritual superstar; you simply have to present yourself by using your feet, hands, and voice in very simple ways. If you follow the instructions below, you will be surprised at how the Holy Spirit will work through you as you open your heart to Him and others.      ---Billy Long

“How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news…” Isaiah 52:7
“Now there was a certain disciple at Damascus named Ananias; and to him the Lord said in a vision, ‘Ananias.’ And he said, ‘Here I am, Lord.’ And the Lord said to him, ‘arise and go to the street called Straight, and inquire at the house of Judas for one called Saul of Tarsus, for behold he is praying.’”  Acts 9: 10-11

Make an Approach.
Go to someone. You may not know what to say or do. But don’t worry. You must make your approach. Sometimes it’s like diving for the first time---jump off the board and figure it out on the way down. It is okay if you “belly-flop” or hit the water at a bad angle. You learn by doing. Peter sunk in the water, but he was the only one who got out of the boat. Who is the Lord most pleased with…the ones safely in the boat, or the bold one struggling to walk on the water? Even sinking, he was ahead of the others.

“Arise and Go.”
When Jesus appeared to Ananias with instructions for him to minister to Saul of Tarsus, He told him to “Arise and go” (Acts 9: 10-16). Sometimes the first act of faith is to simply get out of the chair and walk over to someone who needs ministry. Sometimes we miss out on the presence and power of God among us because we remain at a physical distance.
In approaching Saul, Ananias had to overcome more fears than we face in our gatherings. He responded to the Lord’s bidding and went to Paul, and the power of God worked through him. We will never minister unless we actually go to the person and make an approach.  It may mean stepping across the room, going to someone’s chair, walking to the front of the room, going across the street, or even across town. The power and the substance of what God wants to give will be given to us as we arise and go. We show faith and courage in simply stepping out.

“A Certain Disciple”
God will use you. You don’t have to be someone special. Ananias was not an apostle or some eminent person. He was like most of us. The Bible simply calls him “a certain disciple.” A true disciple is one who learns, follows, and commits to growth and usefulness in his walk with the Lord. When the Lord spoke to Ananias, his response was “Here am I,” which is equivalent to “Yes, Lord.” The Lord is pleased when we say, “Yes.”

“For Behold He is Praying”
We should be encouraged by the fact that the Holy Spirit works on both ends of the transaction. While the Lord was prompting Ananias to arise and go to Saul, Saul himself was praying and waiting before the Lord. He needed the touch and healing that Ananias was bringing. If we could glimpse into the spiritual realm and really see the needs, hopes, concerns, cries, and agonies that lie beneath the surface, hidden inside the hearts of the people around us, if we only realized how much God in His love desires to speak to, touch, encourage, and bless His children and those with whom we come in contact every day, we would be more motivated to reach out boldly with confidence and faith.

Use Your Hands
Implications of the Touch
If you don’t think you’re spiritual enough to say anything or move in the gifts of the Holy Spirit, you can at least walk over and lay your hand on someone’s shoulder. A touch can say a lot. The laying on of hands can signify sympathy, love, and caring when Christians pray and minister to one another. Reaching out to touch someone when praying for him or her can be a powerful channel for the Holy Spirit. The physical touch on the arm, shoulder, or head seems to break down the “walls” and helps people to open their hearts to receive. The touch implies compassion in the one ministering and receptivity in the one being ministered to. And the Holy Spirit does His work.

A Means of Impartation
Our hands represent the hands of Jesus when we reach out in His name. In the New Testament the laying on of hands was not just a liturgical, ceremonial activity. It was, and still is, a means of impartation. The Lord intends that something substantial and real actually happens. In the New Testament the laying on of hands was a means of…
a.    … imparting blessing. Matthew 19: 13-15; Genesis 48:13-15.
b.    …imparting the Baptism in the Holy Spirit.  Acts 8:17; 19:6
c.    …imparting healing. Mark 16:18; Luke 4:40.
d.    …commissioning ministries. Acts 6:6; 13:3.
e.    …imparting spiritual gifts. 1 Timothy 4:14; 2 Timothy 1: 6; Rom 1:11.
f.      …releasing God’s purpose. Acts 9: 12-18.

An Instrument of the Holy Spirit
Your hand becomes an instrument of the Holy Spirit when you reach out in faith and compassion. Laying your hand on someone releases the flow of God’s power. The efficacy is in the touch. The woman who had been sick for twelve years said to herself, “If only I may touch His garment, I shall be made whole.” (Matthew 9: 21). Because of her faith, the power of God went into her body when she touched Jesus.

No matter where you are in your spiritual growth, you can always reach out and touch someone. You can allow your hand to be the instrument through which Jesus touches others, especially if you have been filled with the Holy Spirit.

Then Moses said to the Lord, “O my Lord, I am not eloquent, neither before nor since You have spoken to your servant; but I am slow of speech and slow of tongue.”
So the Lord said, “Who has made man’s mouth....Have not I the Lord? Now therefore, go, and I will be with your mouth and teach you what you shall say.” −Exodus 4: 10-12

Speak up
The purpose of this segment is to encourage Christians to speak up in ministering to one another, especially in house groups and in one-to-one relationships. People are more likely to actively participate and interact with one another in a living room setting. Small groups, therefore, should be designed as a platform for openness and communication, a setting where people are at ease and comfortable enough to let down their walls, to listen, and to speak. We quench the Spirit when we are closed and silent. We allow the Holy Spirit to move when we remove the walls and open our hearts to one another. Churches need small groups that allow for relational interaction rather than always being centered around some agenda or a mini version of the large groups where people sit theater style listening to someone up front.

You don’t have to be a pastor to minister a word to others. The man Ananias whom Jesus sent to Saul was only a “certain disciple.” He held no ministerial office. A large portion of the church (except the apostles) was scattered abroad during time of Stephen’s persecution. They were not primarily preachers. They were Christians who had a testimony and went out “speaking” the word (Acts 11:19). The word “speaking” in this verse is not the Greek word for “preaching,” but simply the generic term “speaking.” The term implies individuals sharing their life and testimony in daily conversation with people they met every day in informal settings. They were willing to open their mouths and say something.

You don’t have to preach a sermon. You can share your testimony, tell someone what the Lord did for you or said to you. You can share the impression you received while listening or praying. As we interact with one another the Holy Spirit will use us in any of the following ways:
1.    Prayer. To simply walk over to someone and pray for them.
2.    Exhortation. To compassionately advise, encourage, or stir people to action.
3.    Prophecy. To speak a word from the Lord by inspiration of the Holy Spirit.
4.    A word of knowledge. To share a revelation of some fact or issue.
5.    A Word of faith. A confident word that brings God’s answer or stirs others to faith.
6.    A word of wisdom. A word given to help in a difficult situation or time of perplexity.
7.    A word of comfort or encouragement.
8.    An expression of love and care
9.    A simple word to let a person know you are there and that you care. (You don’t have to have all the answers. People often just need to know someone is standing with them.)
10. Weeping over someone. Our tears are effective in touching the  
     hearts of others.

Our ministry to one another does not have to be thunderous or overwhelming. The power is in the still, small voice as we share the life of the Lord through humble and encouraging words or prayers. Even if we have little to offer, we must realize that the Lord will multiply our “bread” as we step out in faith and share it. He touches people with His love as we present ourselves to be instruments of His love.

What’s in the heart is what flows forth in our speech. The mouth functions properly when the heart is cultivated properly. The Christians who are most effective in ministry to others are those who have a genuine relationship with Jesus, who fellowship with Him in daily Bible reading and prayer, and who desire to reach out to others.
Therefore, when you approach someone who has requested prayer or ministry, you must remember that the Holy Spirit is with you and “the word is very near you, even in your mouth and in your heart.” You must simply step out in faith and share it.

"The Lord has given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him who is weary.”    Isaiah 50:4

If this article has helped you, you may want to consider ordering a copy of my book which gives very clear and practical teaching on the Baptism in the Holy Spirit, the manifestations and gifts of the Holy Spirit, and praying in tongues. This book is helpful to new believers and mature Christians alike.  Go to my website to order a copy. See link in first paragraph.  ----Billy Long

Saturday, August 12, 2017


(The following article is stern in it's words to the industry, but God is merciful to individuals who call upon him. He forgives and heals. --- Billy Long)

Excavations of pre-Israelite Canaan uncovered a large number of jars containing the remains of children sacrificed to Baal. Other excavations discovered many jars containing the remains of infants who had been sacrificed to Baal during King Ahab’s time. These jars bring to mind the photos of garbage cans filled with baby parts at abortion clinics. I showed one of these pictures to a high school girl once. Her reply was, “That’s just propaganda.” She was not able to bring herself to face the fact she was looking at actual babies dismembered and thrown away. Her political position would not allow her to accept the fact that these babies went through torture and excruciating pain as they were being killed and taken from their mother’s wombs.

The religious rites of Baal worship were noted for their sexual and immoral indulgences and for child sacrifice. Our own culture with its rampant sexual promiscuity has produced over 60 million abortions. The sexual practices of Baal worship and the promiscuity of our own current culture show that unbridled sexual activity outside of marriage leads to the death of children, whether sacrificed in religious worship to a pagan god or dismembered inside a mother’s womb to the god of convenience. In either case, the remains of infants are left behind in jars and garbage bins.

Statistics show that a large percentage of women/girls who are allowed to see the ultrasound of their baby will choose not to go through with the abortion. They see a child in the womb and not a blob or mass of cells. That’s why the abortion industry lobbies so hard to block any legislation that requires them to show the ultra-sound to the mother. The child in the womb recoils in pain from the sharp instruments of the abortionist. One well-known video showing the ultra-sound of an abortion was appropriately titled “The Silent Scream.” If the same procedures were performed on a baby outside the womb the cries of that same child would be heart-wrenching.

The practice of partial-birth abortions proves the evil and callousness of the industry. It is absolutely astounding that any normal adult would not grieve and be repulsed at idea of partial-birth abortions. In this practice the live child is first pulled from the womb and into the birth canal, except for the head. The abortionist then punctures the base of the skull, suctions out the brains, and removes a dead baby from the mother’s body. If the entire body of the child were to be removed first, this practice would legally be considered murder. It is foolishness to say that location determines life. The practice of partial birth abortions proves that the debate over when life begins is a waste of time when dealing with avid abortionists. The evidence seems to show they do not really care.

Our culture has degenerated to the point that sexual promiscuity is prevalent, encouraged, and expected. In this atmosphere there will be growing numbers of unplanned and unwanted pregnancies. The operative word is “unwanted.” Abortions are given not for medical reasons, but rather for the convenience of the mother and because of economic factors in her life. The mother does not want the child, and the abortion industry is making millions and millions of dollars.

Murder, whether it is on the street or in the womb, causes the land to be defiled and “guilty of blood.” The moral issues do matter. A godly and righteous nation might survive even with bad economic policies, but an immoral nation filled with ungodly practices will inevitably face the judgments of God, unless there is repentance. Where are the cries from the church and from the pulpit?

We are fearfully and wonderfully made. It is in the womb that God first breathes life into a person. We should stand in awe and reverence at this divine and mysterious process. We should also be afraid to trample upon that which is so sacred and wonderful.

Monday, August 7, 2017


Roy Rogers   Billy Long   1967
It was September 1967, my freshman year at ORU. There was a prayer chapel on the ground floor of the men’s dorm. It was a small room with an altar and a few short benches. I would often enter it at night to pray. The only light I needed was coming from the lobby and shining through the stain glass windows of the door.

The first time I went in there to pray, I discovered there was another student, Roy Rogers, lying on the floor at the altar. He was wrestling with God much like Jacob in Genesis 32 and was in deep intercession and literally groaning before the Lord. I don’t think he realized I was there. He was passionate but not emotional. His spirit was in travail and crying out to the Lord regarding some serious issue. His intensity reminded me of the agony Jesus went through in the Garden of Gethsemane. His prayers were deeper than simple intellect or the shallowness of typical prayers we often hear. We became good friends. I found that it was not uncommon for Roy to be in intercession even as he carried on his daily activities. I remember more than once, while standing around talking with friends, I noticed Roy’s lips moving slightly and almost imperceptibly as He prayed in the Spirit under his breath. He was not aware that we noticed it. Even in the crowd he was in “the secret place” with the Lord.

I believe those prayers were the reason for the very obvious presence of the Lord that filled the room whenever Roy sang. I remember the holy hush that fell over the auditorium as he lifted his voice in praise and worship. His anointing did not manifest in some affected style or hype. He simply stood there calmly and sang, and Jesus walked through the auditorium.
I received a message today that Roy went on to be with the Lord this morning. My heart is sad for our loss, but rejoice that he is with the Lord and, I am sure, singing in heaven’s choir.  ----Billy Long